How Freckles appear
Freckles are the light brown spots that appear to your skin. Freckles develop due to the clusters of skin cells that contain the pigment melanin. Freckles are a bit flat compared to moles and don’t harm your skin. Genetic factors are also involved in the development of freckles and they can be triggered by sun exposure. If you are also a victim of freckles and want to get rid of them, I’ll share in this post that how to remove freckles by using multiple remedies?
How to Remove Freckles
Sunscreen can’t help you out to remove the existing freckles. But it can protect your skin from further freckles. You must need to wear sunscreen throughout the year even in cloudy conditions. Here are some tips regarding sunscreen,
- Sunscreen must have an SPF of 30 or higher.
- Always Use sunscreen to your skin 25 minutes before moving outside.
- Make sure to reapply sunscreen after every two hours and instantly after swimming or sweating.
Fading cream for topical application
Fading cream is also known as bleaching cream that can get over the counter or by prescription. These fading creams contain an ingredient known as hydroquinone, which suppresses melanin production and lightens the darkened portion of the skin. In 1982 the Food and Drug Association considered bleaching products safe and effective which contains almost 2% of hydroquinone.
- Hydroquinone may have some after-effects like,
- Burning d
- Skin discoloration
In Laser treatment, pulses of intense and focused light are used to target the affected area of skin. There are various types of lasers that can effectively treat freckles. A well-trusted source indicates that Laser treatments lightened more than 50 % of freckles in 62 % of the patients.
Laser treatments are considered to be the safest one but it may have some side effects as well including:
- Skin allergy
Patients with a history of oral herpes should need to take antiviral medications before undergoing laser treatments. Laser treatments can aggravate more herpes around your mouth.
Your healthcare professional may advise you on some medications or creams before laser treatment. They can also suggest you avoid certain medications before the procedure. Laser treatment can take almost 2 weeks to recover depending on the nature of the procedure.
Apply Retinoid Cream
Retinoid cream contains vitamin A, which is used to heal sun-damaged skin and lighten freckles. A recent study suggests that retinoid creams have properties that protect the skin from ultraviolet B radiation.
You can get Retemoid creams over the counter or by prescription. Common side effects are:
- Skin irritation
Cryosurgery is also known as cryotherapy and it is the use of extreme cold in the form of nitrogen to freeze and destroy abnormal or disease tissue. Cryotherapy is generally very safe and it doesn’t require anesthesia and soon you get to recover. Some side effects are pigmentation, blistering, and bleeding.
Chemical peeling involves a chemical solution to remove and peel off damaged skin. To get rid of freckles, a mild skin containing glycolic acid or trichloroacetic acid penetrates into the skin’s middle layer. As the damaged skin gets away, new skin is generated. it may also have some after-effects which are
- skin irritation
Skin peels can take almost two weeks to heal up. In the meantime, you should soak your skin on a daily basis and don’t forget to use topical ointments. You need to take antiviral medications after the consultation of your healthcare professional and avoid sun exposure until your skin completely recovered.
Natural remedies are the best way to deal with freckles. Although they are not scientifically proven still people believe to apply it on a daily basis. These remedies don’t harm your skin. Some of these are:
Apply lemon juice directly on your skin using a cotton swab and then rinse off with water. It’s a firm believe that Lemon juice can lighten skin.
Gently rub sliced onion to your skin and then wash your face with lukewarm water. Onion serves as an exfoliate and may lighten the dark spot in the affected areas.
Honey is a great remedy to get you relief from freckles. Add sugar or salt in honey to prepare a scrub, which helps lighten pigmentation spots.
Yogurt contains lactic acid which is a natural bleaching agent and may help lighten spots. Apply yogurt directly at your skin and then leave it for a few minutes.
Buttermilk also contains lactic acid which effectively helps lighten freckles. Apply buttermilk directly to your skin and then leave it for 10-15 minutes. Rinse off your skin with water. You can also prepare a mask by adding oatmeal in buttermilk to get rid of freckles.
Some Freckles may vanish away by the time
Some freckles persist for a long duration while others are seasonally based, which becomes prominent in summer due to sun exposure but fade away in winter or by avoiding sunlight. Genetic freckles may diminish as you age. Freckles due to sun exposure tend to increase with age.
Causes of Freckles
The skin contains cells called melanocytes which produce melanin. Melanin is responsible to protect our skin from Ultraviolet rays. Sun exposure stimulates melanocytes to produce more melanin, which results in freckles or pigmented spots on the skin’s outer layer.
Freckles can affect anyone but mostly fair-skinned people are the largest victims of freckles. People with fair skin generally produce less melanin as compared to those with darker skin, sun exposure is the biggest factor of their more melanin production.
When to see a dermatologist
Freckles are non-cancerous skin conditions but sometimes confused with skin cancer. Excessive sun exposure is alarming for both freckles and melanomas. Melanomas seem to be more common in fair-skinned people than in people with darker skin.
When you observe any change in size, shape, and color of a freckle, contact immediately to your healthcare professional or dermatologist. They’ll be able to determine whether its a matter of concern or not.